Purpose and Mission
The Better Utilization of Investments Leading to Development (BUILD) Act of 2018 (P.L. 115-254), and the Inspector General Act of 1978 (P.L. 95-452), as amended require the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) to have an Inspector General (IG).
The Office of Inspector General’s (OIG’s) mission is to provide independent oversight of DFC’s programs and operations. This involves:
- Ensuring DFC meets standards for IT security, regulatory compliance, and reporting accuracy
- Preventing waste, fraud, and abuse
- Promoting economy, effectiveness, and efficiency
- Keeping DFC’s Board of Directors, DFC’s CEO, and the U.S. Congress fully and currently informed
Accordingly, the IG Act requires the IG to independently and objectively:
- Conduct audits and investigations of DFC programs and operations
- Report OIG activities to the DFC Board of Directors, DFC Management, and Congress semiannually as of March 31 and September 30 each year
- Work with DFC management on activities designed to promote economy, efficiency, and effectiveness or that combat fraud and abuse
- Powers and Responsibilities
IGs are nonpartisan and are selected without regard to political affiliations. Although OIGs are located within their agencies, they must operate as independent entities to provide credible oversight.
Under the IG Act, IGs are given broad statutory authorities, including access to all agency records and information. IGs also have the authority to subpoena relevant documents and information from non-federal organizations and individuals. Among other powers, IGs are authorized to:
- Obtain access to information and documents within their agency in relation to any program or operations over which the IG has responsibility
- Request information or assistance from any federal, state, or local agency
- Subpoena records and documents from any non-federal entity or individual
- Take statements under oath
- Have direct and prompt access to the agency head for any purpose pertaining to the IG’s responsibilities
- Select, appoint, and employ officers and employees as necessary to carry out the functions, powers, and duties of the OIG
- OIG Reports, Correspondence, and Recommendations
The OIG communicates its work through a variety of written reports such as:
- Audit, investigative, and inspection/evaluation reports prepared in accordance with professional standards
- Semiannual reports to Congress that describe the work of the OIG within the reporting period
- Immediate correspondence to the agency head to report egregious and flagrant problems and/or abuses. The agency head then transmits this reporting, along with any comments by the agency head, to Congress within seven days.
The OIG also must report:
- Any unreasonable refusal within the agency to provide information to the agency head
- Suspected violations of federal criminal law to the Attorney General
The OIG makes recommendations in its reports to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of agency programs and help identify questioned costs and funds that could be put to better use. The aim is to spur audited agencies to take corrective actions, which allows the OIG to close the recommendations. Open recommendations may be resolved or unresolved:
- An open recommendation is resolved when the OIG agrees with the agency's plan of action
- An open recommendation is unresolved when the agency has yet to share a plan of action or the OIG disagrees with the plan
- Whistleblower Rights and Protections
Employees of DFC and their contractors, subcontractors, and borrowers may report what they reasonably believe to be evidence of wrongdoing, without reprisal for doing so.
Protections and remedies for whistleblowers vary by category:
- Federal Employees (Direct hires)
- Nonfederal Employees (Employees of contractors, subcontractors, and borrowers)
By law, most OIGs must designate a Whistleblower Protection Coordinator. The current Coordinator is based within USAID OIG. Duties include:
- Educating employees under DFC OIG’s oversight jurisdiction about prohibitions on retaliation for protected disclosures, as well as educating specific employees who have made or are contemplating making a protected disclosure about the rights and remedies against retaliation for protected disclosures
- Assisting the IG in promoting the timely and appropriate handling and consideration of protected disclosures and allegations of reprisal, to the extent practicable, by the IG
- Coordinating with the U.S. Office of Special Counsel, the Council of the Inspectors General in Integrity and Efficiency, DFC, Congress, and other relevant entities regarding the timely and appropriate handling of protected disclosures, allegations of reprisal, and general matters regarding the implementation of whistleblower protection laws, rules, and regulations
Please note that the Whistleblower Protection Coordinator is prohibited from acting as an employee’s or former employee’s legal representative, agent, or advocate.
Reports concerning wrongdoing by DFC employees or within DFC programs can always be submitted directly to the OIG Hotline.
The OIG Hotline is available for reporting complaints of fraud, waste, or abuse in our client agencies’ programs and operations. These infractions include mismanagement or violations of law, rules, or regulations by employees or program participants.
Office of the Inspector General
1100 New York Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20527